Geometry Terms

Get down with the lingo

AAS Theorem

If two corresponding angles and one of the sides not between the angles in any two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent.

Acute Triangle

A triangle that's slightly less cute than a-super-cute triangle. For that to be true, all the angles in the triangle have to be less than 90°.

ASA Postulate

If two corresponding angles and the included side in any two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent.

Congruence

When two objects are identical in every way. The only thing that separates them is a congruence transformation.

CPCTC

Stands for "Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles are Congruent." The "parts" we're talking about here are angles and sides, so don't go snooping at the local auto body shop.

Exterior Angle

An angle supplementary to one of the triangle's inner angles. Just extend one of the sides of the triangle, and you'll see what we mean.

Exterior Angle Theorem

The measure of one exterior angle is equal to the measure of the remote interior angles (the inner angles that aren't supplementary to the exterior angle).

Hypotenuse-Leg Theorem

If the hypotenuses and corresponding legs of two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent.

Interior Angle

One of the inside angles in a triangle. They're innies, not outies.

Isosceles Triangle

A triangle with at least two congruent sides (or, from the Isosceles Triangle Theorem, two congruent angles).

Isosceles Triangle Theorem

Two sides of a triangle are congruent to each other only if the angles opposite the sides are congruent to each other. The sides and angles can go on double-dates.

Obtuse Triangle

A triangle that's a little slow on the uptake. Or one with an angle that's over 90°.

Remote Interior Angles

Two of a triangle's interior angles that aren't supplementary to a given exterior angle.

Right Triangle

A triangle that has an angle that's exactly 90°. Or possibly a triangle that's just never wrong about anything.

Scalene Triangle

A triangle whose three sides are all different lengths. He's probably just going through a growth spurt.

SAS Postulate

If two corresponding sides and one of the angles between the sides in any two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent.

SSS Postulate

If all three sides in any two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent. This is what gives triangles their rigid structure (but it won't make them any more emotionally stable).