Texas World History
Don't mess with Texas…EOC.
Reviewing all of world history might seem like a monumental task, but we're here to tell you that…okay, you caught us. It is. Luckily, you can hop in the Wayback Machine and prep for the Texas World History End-of-Course Assessment with Shmoop's guide to the exam. We'll zoom through history from 8000 BC to today, with pit stops in geography, government, and economics. And if you've ever wondered whether the Mesoamerican ball game was just a really, really extreme version of soccer—well, you're in luck. We cover that, too.
What's Inside Shmoop's Online Texas EOC World History Prep
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More Food Per Worker
In the Palaeolithic Era, men, women, and children hunted when the hunting was good, gathered when the gathering was good, fished when the fishing was good, and made tools when none of these were good. Because it took so much effort to get food, pretty much everyone had to learn to do everything.
As a result, everyone was only fair to middling at everything. It's like, if we play fighting games, first person shooters, racing games, and RPGs (and make time for homework, soccer, and Drama Club), we're probably not going to be a world juggling champion. To get really, really, really, good at something, it's necessary to specialize.
The good thing about farming was that, with more food per worker, early humans ended up with more food than they needed. This meant that not everyone had to work in food acquisition. Some people instead trained fulltime to be better toolmakers, house builders, spiritual leaders, or warriors. Others even developed systems of writing and took on new jobs as scholars and record-keepers.
The upside of this was that every job was done right: those who were wise had the time to pray and meditate and better guide their people; those with good craftsmanship and attention to detail made awesome houses and tools for everyone; and those who were quick and strong became excellent warriors.
The downside was that some jobs were valued more than others. For example, in most societies, warriors ended up being the most valued job, because they would just thump anyone who said that they weren't super awesome. Toolmakers and scholars were often more valued and honored than farmers as well.
This led to social stratification, or inequality. Societies became divided into classes, usually with warriors, spiritual leaders, and scholars at the top, toolmakers in the middle, and farmers way down at the bottom.
Similarly, though men and women shared most work in Palaeolithic societies, in Neolithic societies men were usually given the highly valued jobs, and women were relegated to lowly menial labor and agriculture.